Robert Gellately: Backing Hitler Consent and Coercion in Nazi Germany



UPDATE 32116 Re reading the early chapters today several years after first reading them confirms my view that Gellately s conclusions about widespread German support for Hitler and the Nazis are unsupported and inexplicable When even to criticize the Fuhrer was a crime and dissenters were disappeared to concentration camps without charges or a hearing when a network of informers was created to point police to those not fervent enough in their support of Nazis how can Gellately claim that most Germans supported Hitler and in fact truly loved him He cites Nazi election victories without bothering to mention that all other political parties had by then been made illegal and their leaders arrested NonsenseAnother point Gellately says Hitler reached out 1933 to his Catholic enemies to offer a Concordat That is so far from the facts others have reported that it is ludicrous The best evidence is that Hitler made a deal with the Vatican When I reached 75 I promised myself never to read another short story novel or nonfiction about the Holocaust Having read Hitler s Willing Executioners I thought I d learned it all and who needs the riefThen whilst reading on my NOOK I mentioned that book to a visitor When I called it up Backing HitlerConsent and Coercion in Nazi Germany came up as People who like this My finger tapped on it and this book began to downloadRobert Gellately s writing Cognitive Radio Networks grabs your attention and his studiesrab your Personnel Management in Government guts You may think you know all about the Shoah but believe me you don t Gellately has done in depth what apparently nobody ever thought of beforetrawling newspapers from Hitler s rise to the Allies at theates in April 1945 He does not discuss only the Jews but the Poles Jehovah s Witnesses and the myriad others sent to the camps Being a bona fide Aryan didn t mean you were safe either from being killed or deported All persons could be dispatched without any evidence If you rail against the lengthy trials and legal niceties in the USA read what happens when a society forfeits the right to a fair trial The Germans did that willingly In fact Out of This World given that outright lies and false charges were investigated by the Gestapo Germans indulged in a frenzy of denouncing their friends neighbor and spouses throughout Hitler s reign Interestingly for the most part the Gestapo waited for citizen denouncements to arrest people They were not proactive in searching out forbidden activitiesIt wasn t just Nazi Party members who sabotaged justice It was ordinary citizens Thus they collided with the Nazis to maintain a repressive and unjust societyGellately s not only read the daily newspapers circulating in Germany from 1993 1945 he examined Gestapo files The ordinary citizen learned a lot of what the Nazis were doing bylowing reports in the papersAfter the War I met German students and academics who all said they didn t know about the camps How could they not Gellately examines the numbers of camps in Germany They were built on the outskirts of major cities and towns Moreover their prisoners were used for slave labor in those places People saw them in their striped The Time It Never Rained garb often being brutalized byuards They knew about the camps They couldn t not have known Again by their denunciations of others they colluded with the camp system They deliberately denounced people knowing they d be sent to the camps often with no evidence Be The Child of the Soul and Other Stories grateful for the hearsay bans in American courtsGallately researched the camps themselves They weren t just Dachau Auschwitz and other well known sites There were hundreds of camps all in and around cities And each camp spawned sub camps as many as 50 even 100 They supplied the labor for the German war machines and farms Yes the Germans knewThe most shocking and affecting chapter showed that when German defeat was nigh on orders from Himmler the prisonuards and overseers indulged in a frenzy of accelerated killings When they couldn t kill fast enough they took prisoners on death marches summarily shooting anyone who lagged behind In full view of citizens they would beat people to death for no reason Actually there was a reason Hitler s regime Childrens Phantasies gave license to sadists and other depraved peopleThe uestion for me still remains of how a highly educated and cultured society could be turned into beasts if theirovernment condones it Not only condones but urged it Gallately can t answer that Nor can I If you want to have Debate still rages over how much ordinary Germans knew about the concentration camps and the Gestapo's activities during Hitler's reign Now in this well documented and provocative volume historian Robert Gellately argues that the majority of German citizens had uite a clear picture of the extent of Nazi atrocities and continued to support the Reich to the bitter end Culling chilling evidence from primary news sources and citing dozens of case studies Gellately shows how media reports and press stories were an essential dimension of Hitler's popular dictatorship Indeed.

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Perspective the emphasis is on coercion than consent The constant referring to legal examples at times makes the book rather dry Also much of the data and examples cited on concentration camps are available in other books on Nazi GermanyThe author also brings out that the presence of millions of foreign workers and their brutal camp system was very visible across the Nazi state However there was virtually nothing on what the German soldiers on the Eastern Front related to their family friends and relatives about the atrocities they may have participated in and certainly witnessed in the Soviet Union and PolandThere are still many unanswered issues on consent Why did the German people take so readily to the leadership principal Fuehrer means leader in no other Western country do the people refer to their political heads of state in such a fashion Why did the German people love him so much and follow Hitler into the apocalypse Although the role of women is examined little was said about the almost sexual adoration they had for their beloved FuehrerAs Mr Gellately points out in his conclusion will we ever know why and how they came to accept this level of brutality I did find different answers in Daniel Jonah Goldhagen s Hitler s Willing Executioners Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust Even during the 1930 s by listening to and reading the hate filled speeches on Jews on Communism on the liberal democracies why were the German people so swept up to support the Nazi revolution Don t misread my rather low rating the argument put forward in this book is both revealing and fascinating and the research is impeccable So why only two stars My problem was that while the content was first rate this book really is a chore to read Gellately s writing is incredibly tedious and just fails to immerse you in what is both a very interesting subject and the fascinating revelations of his own research A real pity While the information itself is fascinating and eye opening the author s diction and how he presents his research is horribly dry and cannot be forced down this reader s eyesockets so to speak Germans welcomed Hitler s ascension to power in January 1933 when the Great Depression was ravaging Germany People lost money jobs and for those who suicided their lives The Weimar Republic proclaimed in 1919 was borne out of revolution and wasn t supported by most of the major political parties The democratic overnment seemed powerless to stop the suffering Gellately argues the promise of stability harmony and prosperity fulfilled the yearning of many Germans The Nazis overned Germany through consensus and coercion Germans knew their The Soviet Union government was brutal from the outset Gellately s intensive research of local regional and national newspapers shows they reported the regime s brutality albeit in a positive light Concentration camps were to rehabilitate hardened criminals byiving them a regime of discipline and work The previous Gods and Heroes government was soft on crime but now criminals were off the streets Gellately draws on the diaries of Jew Victor Klemperer who wrote people looked the other way as authorities deprived Jews of rights and ultimately life Gellately is among the many historians who deems the Weimar Republic a failure The argument s flaw is millions of Germans voted for republican supporting parties up to and including the last free election in November 1932 These were the same people whose lives were decimated by the economic crisis yet they held true to the republic s democratic and human rights ideals Backing Hitler is a comprehensive account of the lead up to Hitler s appointment as Chancellor of Germany and beyond It s easy to judge Germans for looking the other way but today it isn t just fascistovernments denying human rights and dispensing cruelty Democratic Science, Technology and Culture governments also are administering similar policies of cruelty exclusion and punishment of the innocent Some of these countries were among the Allies during World War Two I wanted to experience the psych of theerman people leading up to and through ww2 This well referenced book was way beyond my expectations Gallately s insight conclusions and counter views left me pondering One would expect an author of such a difficult and emotional subject to try and lead his readers As books like this No Beast So Fierce go robertallately was able to capture the era exuisitly without leafing an after taste of motive. O's monstrous success was due in large part to ordinary German citizens who singled out suspected enemies in their midst reporting their suspicions and allegations freely and in a spirit of cooperation and patriotism Extensively documented highly readable and illustrated with never before published photographs Backing Hitler convincingly debunks the myth that Nazi atrocities were carried out in secret From the rise of the Third Reich well into the final desperate months of the war the destruction of innocent lives was inextricably linked to the will of the German peopl.

Stake in your future or understand how people can allow despots to rule take time to read Gellately s from the German archives public records that show 1 in 7 German citizens were the eyes and ears for the Stasi upon their own family members as well as their neighbors See something say something In Backing Hitler Robert Gellately shows us what a true police state looks like The police state as it emerged in Nazi Germany starting in 1933 was very extreme as is widely known But there is much to learn by examining the details and coming to understand the dynamics of its operation and developmentGellately s initial theme has to do with Nazi concern for public opinion Even while the Gestapo and other police organizations were on the rise while police were increasingly iven new authority to convict and punish without involving the courts and while the courts were constantly under pressure to hand out only the stiffest of penalties and the vast network of concentration camps was established and individual rights were on the steep decline it was not terror alone that the Nazis utilized to ain domestic control The Nazis were always concerned with public opinion and to that end Nazi propaganda took shape Hitler and his minions were always careful not to cross certain lines that the public might have a problem with and were careful to justify their actions in the press The extent to which the public bought into the Nazi racist and political propaganda over time was very extreme and this was achieved through careful consideration of public relationsUnderstanding the true nature of life in Nazi Germany has many purposes and Backing Hitler sheds light on each of them even those it does not directly address It tells us who the victims were and there were many different Last Chance Bride groups that suffered at the Nazis hands The first were the opposing political leaders especially the socialists and communists The two socialist parties in Germany in 1933 together represented a majority Things might haveone differently in Germany had these two parties been able to Whos Cheatin Who? (Thoroughbred Legacy get along with each other But when Hitler took over in 1933 the opposing political leaders were the first to see the inside of a camp Later there was the rounding up of many under the Nazi racial ideology which included Poles and other Slavs and of course there was always special treatment for the Jews But the persecution was not just based on political and racial concerns As the war progressed ideological purity was stressed it became illegal to listen to foreign radio broadcasts and many were arrested for saying things even in private against theovernment or the army even for saying anything pessimistic about the war And so many Germans were arrested and put in the camps alongside Jews and Poles and so forth And most Germans who were arrested had been turned in to the police by co workers neighbors and even family members in response to calls for citizens to police those around them Understanding the attack on human rights in the police state known as Nazi Germany helps us understand the complete nightmare that existed for anyone who held on to any sense of human decencyContinued on This excellent book provides a Lawman Lover (Outlaws, grim accounting of the mechanisms by which Germany allowed Adolf Hitler toain power athering support among even those who were not ideologically aligned with the Nazi Party Through disinformation campaigns willful ignorance and skillful propaganda the German people supported a leader who promised their exaltation yet delivered utter ruin Despite assurances that a leader like Hitler could not arise in contemporary society this book illustrates the powerful and seductive psychological and social reasons why such a thing is not uote so impossible as we would like to believe This book raises some significant issues on Hitler s reign over Nazi Germany For instance the author makes ood points and provides examples on denunciations which were volunteered by ordinary German citizens Most of the people of the Third Reich were never cowed by the police apparatus and would eagerly point out mostly by writing suspects who were not compliant with the regime Often these denunciations were not altruistic and could often lead to severe results incarceration andor executionThe focus of the book is on the legal apparatus and how justice became and arbitrary with little rights to the accused By using this. A vast array of material on the concentration camps the violent campaigns against social outsiders and the Nazis' radical approaches to law and order was published in the media of the day and was widely read by a highly literate population of Germans Hitler Gellately reveals did not try to hide the existence of the Gestapo or of concentration camps Nor did the Nazis try to cow the people into submission Instead they set out to win converts by building on popular images cherished ideals and long held phobias And their efforts succeeded Gellately concludes for the Gestap.

Robert Gellately Ø 9 Summary

Robert Gellately born 1943 is a Newfoundland born Canadian academic who is one of the leading historians of modern Europe particularly during World War II and the Cold War era He is Earl Ray Beck Professor of History at Florida State University He often teaches classes about World War II and the Cold War but his extensive interest in the Holocaust has led to his conducting research regarding