Philip N. Johnson-Laird: Mental Models Cognitive Science No 6



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Say a ell yeah I read it as a source to my PhD project A work that was accessible to me although this is not my area of expertise I am originally a physicist I was able to extract some really valuable concepts about what Zu schnell human Model Thinking is Lettura sicuramente impegnativa e datata non mi aspettavo diversamente da uesto libro L autore riuscito comunue con una organizzazione del libro eccellente a farmi apprezzare ogni pagina anche le pi tecniche I read this book for research for my thesis It s a fairly digestible book it Mental Models offers nothing less than a unified theory of the major properties of mind comprehension inference and consciousness In spirited and graceful prose Johnson Laird argues that we apprehend the world by building inner mental replicas of the relations among objects and events that concern us The mind is essentially a model building device that can itself be modeled on a digital computer This book provides both a blueprint for building such a model and numerous important illustrations ofow to do it In several key areas of cognition Johnson Laird shows ow an explanation based on ment.

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Relatively easy to understand even without a background in psychology linguistics or cognitive science It s very dated obviously which impacts the value of the content Johnson Laird asserts in an early chapter that there will never be a better analogy for ow brains operate than computers but recent cognitive science research as done everything in its power to disabuse us of that idea Johnson Laird dedicates several chapters to ideas about ow we process language that rely explicitly on computer models He also spends several chapt. Al modeling is clearly superior to previous theory For example e argues compellingly that deductive reasoning does not take place by tacitly applying the rules of logic but by mentally manipulating models of the states of affairs from which inferences are drawn Similarly linguistic comprehension is best understood not as a matter of applying inference rules to propositions derived from sentences but rather as the mind's effort to construct and update a model of the situation described by a text or a discourse Most provocative perhaps is Johnson Laird's theory of consciousness the mind's neces.

Ers at the beginning of the book examining syllogism despite acknowledging that the way we process syllogisms is not likely representative of ow we process other information because information in the real world rarely if ever takes the form of syllogism This book might be useful to those interested in psycholinguistics or writers interested in learning about what sentence structures are most easily and flawlessly processed by the uman mind but I ve found it very useless for anything else including learning about mental modeling. Sarily incomplete model of itself allows only a partial control over the many unconscious and parallel processes of cognition This an extraordinarily rich book providing a coherent account of much recent experimental work in cognitive psychology along with lucid explanations of relevant theory in linguistics computer science and philosophy Not since Miller Galanter and Pribram's classic Plans and the Structure of Behavior as a book in cognitive science combined such sweep style and good sense Like its distinguished predecessor Mental Models may well serve to fix a point of view for a generati.

Philip N Johnson Laird is a professor at Princeton University's Department of Psychology and author of several notable books on human cognition and the psychology of reasoning